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Shakespeare - Historical background

- Shakespeare lived in the renaissance
- Before renaissance: Dark Ages ( Middle Ages ) - almost no developement concerning civillisation, education,...
- The church was almighty and didn`t allow normal people to get educated
- Then: Renaissance, “Rebirth“ of the Greek and Roman style
- People adopted grammar, rethoric, poetry and philosophy from the Romans
- Suddenly everybody was able to influence their own will and fate
- Renaissance: Age of inventions & discoveries -> people dared to explore things ( maybe this is a reason for Shakespeare`s new style )
- In England, the renaissance began in 1485

- Queen Elizabeth I reigned England from 1558 - 1603, this period was called 
the Elizabethan Age
- It was also the Golden Age of England`s history. It became a world power, 
reached the hegemony of the seas and established trading positions all over 
the world
- At that time, most of England`s population was very wealthy. They liked to 
travel all over Europe, especially to Italy, and they brought back to England 
the culture they discovered
- After Queen Elizabeth`s death the son James of her cousin Mary Stuart 
inherited the throne