Horse racing is an equestian sport that has a long history. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing occurred in ancient Babylon, Syria, and Egypt.
The style of racing, the distances and the type of events vary significantly by the country in which the race is occurring, and many countries offer different types of horse races.
Various types of racing have given rise to horse breeds that excel in the specific disciplines of each sport.
Historically, equestrians honed their skills through games and races. Equestrian sports provided entertainment for crowds and honed the excellent horsemanship that was needed in battle. Horse racing of all types evolved from impromptu competitions between riders or drivers. All forms of competition, requiring demanding and specialized skills from both horse and rider, resulted in the systematic development of specialized breeds and equipment for each sport.