Argentina, officially the Republic Argentina, is a sovereign state, organized as a representative federal republic, located in the southeastern and southern South America. Its territory is divided into 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the nation's capital and seat of government federal.7 Its 40 million average human development index, per capita income and quality of life are among the most American high America.8 the World Bank, nominal GDP is 25. º most important in the world, 9 But if you consider the overall GDP purchasing power transformed the country into 20. th largest economy in the world.10 in 2010, the country was classified as middle-income nation altos11 or as an emerging market by the World Bank also. Argentina is recognized as a regional power.