The Empire State Building is a skyscraper located at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street in New York City, United States. Its name derives from the nickname of New York State. It was the world's tallest building for more than forty years, from its completion in 1931 until 1972, when it was completed the construction of the North Tower of the World Trade Center. After the destruction of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, the Empire State Building once again became the tallest building in the city of New York and the State of New York, until he was again wounded for One World Trade Center the April 30, 2012 as the tallest building in New York, leaving the Empire State in second place.1The Empire State Building has been named by the American Society of Civil Engineers as one of the Seven Wonders of the modern world. The building and its interior are designated landmarks of the Commission for the Preservation of Historical Monuments of New York, and confirmed by the Board of Estimate of the City of New York. It was designated a National Historic Monument in 1986. In 2007, ranked number one in the list of favorite American buildings. The building is owned and managed by W & H Properties.
The site occupied by the Empire State Building was first developed as the John Thomson Farm in the late eighteenth century. At that time, a stream ran across the site, emptying into Sunfish Pond, located a block away. Later the site was occupied by the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in the late nineteenth century, and was frequented by "The Four", the social elite of New York.
Design and construction Empire State Building was designed by William F. Lamb, a partner in the architectural firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon, who made the building drawings in just two weeks, using prior based designs, such as the building Reynolds Building in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and the Carew Tower Cincinnati, Ohio, designed this by architect Walter W. Ahlschlager. The main builders were Starrett Brothers and Eken, and the project was financed primarily by John J. Raskob and Pierre S. du Pont. The construction company was chaired by Alfred E. Smith, a former governor of New York. Excavation of the site began on January 22, 1930, and construction of the building itself started symbolically on March 17th (St. Patrick's Day). The project involved 3,400 workers, mostly immigrants from Europe, along with hundreds of Mohawk workers (experts in iron), many of them from the Kahnawake reserve near Montreal. According to official accounts, five workers died during the construction. Governor Smith's grandchildren cut the ribbon on May 1, 1931.The construction was part of an intense competition in New York for the title of world's tallest building. The building was officially opened on May 1, 1931 in a special way, the President of the United States at the time (Herbert Hoover) became the Empire State Building in the building lights with the push of a button from Washington, DC.
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