Respuestas

2013-03-03T21:08:00+01:00

Los "conditionales" son ciertas estructuras del inglés en las cuales, si cierta condición, situación o circunstancia es verdadera, entonces sucede un resultado específico. Aquí veremos varios tipos usuales de "condicionales"

--Zero Conditional - (Type Zero) - Situación siempre verdadera
If you freeze water, it turns into ice.
--First Conditional - (Type I) - Situación real o posible
If it rains today, I'll stay at home.
--Second Conditional - (Type II) - Situación hipotética
If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.
--hird Conditional - (Type III) - Situación hipotética del pasado
If I had won the lottery, I would have traveled around the world.

--Conditional: wish + past simple- Deseo sobre una situación irreal
I wish I were rich (but I am not)
--Conditional: wish + past perfect - Deseo sobre el pasado
I wish I had learned English when I was younger (but I didn't)
--Conditional: wish + would - Expresando desagrado o irritación
I wish you would stop making that noise

Palabras para expresar condiciones: unless, provided, …
You won't pass the exam unless you study harder.

2013-03-03T23:44:23+01:00

Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos.

If clauseMain clauseIf + Past Simple would / could / might + verb If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.
Si ganara la lotería, viajaría por todo el mundo. If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro.
Si yo estuviese en Brasil, iría a Río de Janeiro. If I were you, I would buy that car.
Si yo fuese tú, compraría ese auto. If he were in my place, he wouldn't do this.
Si él estuviese en mi lugar, no haría esto. If I had more money, I would buy a nice apartment.
Si yo tuviese más dinero, me compraría un lindo apartamento. If she had more time, she would travel more often.
Si ella tuviera más tiempo, viajaría más a menudo. If it were not raining, we could go out.
Si no estuviese lloviendo, podríamos salir. If we didn't have to work today, we could have a picnic.
Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy, podríamos tener un picnic. If they won the lottery, they wouldn't work any more.
Si ellos ganaran la lotería, no trabajarían más. If I saw her, I would ask her out.
Si la viera, la invitaría a salir. If you went to Brazil, you wouldn't want to come back.
Si fueras a Brazil, no querrías regresar. If they spoke Spanish, we would understand them.
Si ellos hablasen español, los entenderíamos. If he didn't live by the river, he couldn't go fishing.
Si el no viviera cerca del río, no podría ir a pescar. If I didn't want to go, I would tell you.
Si no quisiera ir, te lo diría. If they worked for that company, they might have better salaries.
Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía, podrían tener mejores sueldos. If she wrote a book, it would be a best-seller.
Si ella escribiese un libro, sería un best-seller.